Farsightedness is defined as a condition in which one can see the distant or the 'far off' objects clearly but not the nearer ones. If the condition of your Farsightedness is severe, the objects that are nearby to you will become so blurred that simple tasks, such as reading, writing or sewing, will become very difficult.
What exactly causes Farsightedness? Medically, Farsightedness occurs when the light that enters your eye focuses behind your retina instead of focusing on the retina directly. It happens when the eye is too short, or when the cornea is not properly curved or when the lens of the eye sits too much in the back than in a normal eye. Such a condition often runs in the families and rarely, can also occur due to retinopathy or tumour in the eye.
The symptoms of the disease include a blurry vision, particularly in the dark, problem in reading, writing or doing things that involve close objects, strained eyes, pain in the muscles around eyes and frequent headaches.Many a times, the eyes of the people above the age of forty cannot adjust properly. So, for such people, the ability to focus on close objects also gets disrupted. But usually, it is not only Farsightedness that affects such people but presbyopia. In presbyopia, one's ability to focus on both nearby and far off objects gets weaker.
Though the condition of Farsightedness can easily be taken care of by wearing spectacles, certain complications can make this tougher. Children with Farsightedness may also develop a condition called cross eyes. If the condition remains unchecked or is not corrected, one's quality of life is also severely impacted. It can also increase safety risk in certain situations, such as driving or operating mechanical equipments.
1. Close objects appear blurry
2. Strain in eyes, burning sensation, aching in and around eyes
3. Constant need to squint for clearer vision
4. Fatigue or frequent headaches, usually after long hours of reading, watching, etc.
What to do
1. Increase rest periods and emphasise on ocular hygiene. Reading in good light and keeping the book at a minimum distance of 12 to 14 inches are basic requirements.
2. Playing sports is one of the best ways to increase blood circulation to the eye and end point mobility.
3. A child should study in an area where he/she does not face the wall. It is preferable if they sit near an open window or in one corner of a big room — this way, when they look up, they can look into the distance and relax.
4. While taking breaks in between studies, the eyes need to be relaxed. Reading a comic book or playing on a computer or cell phone defeats this purpose.
5. Yearly eye check-ups are recommended for children.
Farsightedness is not a disease and can be corrected.